How to stay A-Float in CSS

How to stay A-Float in CSS

Here’s an article for beginners in the practice of CSS Layouts, my
reason for writing this one came from remembering the difficulty I once
had position elements in CSS. After many frustrating attempts with
relative and absolute position techniques I finally found the holy
grail of CSS the “Float” attribute!

Relative & Absolute Positioning

so I’ve started to design my web site and have learnt how to position
things using the position: relative and position: absolute; heres some
examples of these below:

works well, for basic positioning, but when your layouts become a
little more complex as they always tend to do, tyring to position div's
within div's using this method can become a real struggle.

can start when elements positioned as absolute can often position
themselves to the entire page as apposed to the containing div, which
can sometimes become a real nightmare.

Other simple tasks
such as creating multiple divs in-line with each other for navigations
etc can also involve many un-nessisary left right positioning values.
So save yourself the trouble and crack open a can red bull and give
yourself some wings!

The CSS Float Attribute

float attribute allows you to position objects to either the left or
right of your page <div> tag, for example using the following
section of code creates a page with two boxes one on the left hand side
the other on the right.

<div style="float: left; width: 50%; height: 100px;"></div>

<div style="float: right; width: 50%; height: 100px; "></div>

Floating multiple elements on the same line

this is the cool thing about Float, unlike the other positioning
attributes it makes it so easy to position elements right next to each
other. For example if your wanted to create a navigation menu that
spanned left to right with say 5 different boxes, the Float attribute
makes this so simple.

When you create a floated div tag using the following code: float: left;
providing it fits into the length of the page it will position this
flush with the side of a previous floated element, see below.

If you then wanted to start your next element below this new set of navigation boxes, simply add the “clear
setting to the next tag followed by the side setting of the previous
float tag, the example above also shows how this set of elements was
started on a newline using the clear: left; setting.

float: left; clear: left;

Also using the following setting on your element will drop it onto the next line underneith any left or right floated elements:

float: left; clear: both;

Extra tips for CSS Floating

Float: center; does not exist

ask me why this has never been added to the CSS library but it is
easily fixed, if you want to center a div within a float tag simply
create a div without the use of the float attribute and use the
following margin settings:

<div style="float: left; width: 600px;">

<div style="width: 300px; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"></div>


Float inside a Float

adding a div tag with the float attribute within another div try to
remember that the preceeding tag must also have the float attribute
applied to it. Think of this tip as a fix for when you float something
and it dosent seem to take effect on your layout.

<div style="float: left; width: 600px;">

<div style="float: left; width: 300px;" ></div>